HATHOR/HET-HERT

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HATHOR – HWT HR, the name itself and the Symbol means and represents: THE HOUSE OF HORUS.   HATHOR is represented as ‘complete female with the two horns of a cow or female body with complete cow head’. HATHOR is one of the Primeval Deities, known since Pre-Historical times. Her Horns carry a Solar Disc … Continued

HAPI/HAPY

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HAPI is the Unification of the Nile Lands which represent the inundation which bring fertility and happiness – HAPI to the Ancient . HAPI was more the personification of the Inundation of the Nile (Iterw), than of the River Nile itself. He was worshipped for two reasons; the actual waters of the Inundation which were … Continued

ATEN/ITEN

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The Sun Disc itself, first as a Heavenly Body, later personified as RA. The word ‘ATEN’ itself means any ‘round objects’.  The ‘Aten’ together with the concept of Divinity appeared the first time in 2000 BC, where the King Amenemhat I is said to ‘Soar into the Sky Uniting with Aten, his Creator’. The word … Continued

AMUN/IMEN

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AMEN, AMON, AMUN, IMEN – Primeval Creator God mentioned already in the Pyramid Texts (5th Dynasty) as a Primeval Deity whose ‘Shadow protects the other Gods’. His female counterpart is Amaunet. He is often called ‘The Hidden One’, which shows an ‘Association with Invisibility’. The Ancients regarded him as being behind and in all things: … Continued

ANUBIS/INPEW

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The spelling ANUBIS / INPEW – Jackal or Dog Headed God, is mostly represented as a crouching dog with tall, pointed ears and a long, hanging tail. It is thought the prototype for this Deity was the Jackal, but other forms of dogs cannot be excluded. What speaks against the Jackal, is that the black … Continued

AKER

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AKER, an Ancient Earth God, signifying the horizon, the point where night turns to day, where day turns to night, and therefore depicted as two Lions seated back to back, facing away from each other. They are also called ‘Yesterday’ and ‘Tomorrow’, as one Lion faces towards the East where the ‘Sun Rises and Begins … Continued

MUT/MEWET

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MUT is the Mother of Khonsu and wife of Amun at Thebes. MUT can be traced back to the Middle Kingdom, but was probably worshipped earlier. She was depicted as a woman with a Vulture Skin on her Head, together with the Crown of Upper Egypt. MUT became the ‘Eye of Re’ when Amun was … Continued

MA’AT/MAAE’T


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MAAT is the representation of the Basic Laws of all Existence; the Concept of Justice, Truth, Order and Balance; without her life is impossible. She is not really a Goddess/Netjer, yet she is the Principle. The Egyptians had no difficulties in personifying such things, it was their habit and way of making things understood on … Continued

BES

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BES is a name covering several similar Deities and Demons worshipped in Ancient Egypt. Among them were Lion-Demons known from the town of Kahun during the Middle Kingdom, and from the Shaft Tombs behind the Ramesseum. BES was a grotesque-looking Dwarf God, but benign in nature. He was depicted wearing a Plumed Crown, normally with … Continued

PTAH/PETEH

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PTAH or PETEH – South of His Wall – The Ancient One, was worshipped in MENNEFER – Memphis already in the early historical period, probably at first as the local centre of Craftsmanship. The High Priest in Mennefer was titled ‘Greatest of the Controllers of Craftsmen’ showing the importance and status that Craftsmen held at … Continued